Lower back pain is a common and complex symptom that can be due to multiple underlying causes. It usually develops after overuse or a minor injury, but sometimes there may be no apparent cause.
National Institute of Stroke and Neurological Disorders states that around 70% of adults in the US will have back pain, especially in the lumbar region at some point during their lives. It may have an acute or gradual onset and can range in intensity from a dull ache to sharp pain. Some people may also experience chronic pain.
This article will help you find out the common and uncommon causes of low back pain.
Common Causes Of Low Back Pain
Many common things can hurt your back and cause low back pain. These include;
1Sprains and Strains
Sprains and strains are one of the most common causes of both upper and lower back pain. A sprain is a result of either overstretching or tearing of a ligament (the connective tissue that connects two bones or cartilages), while a strain occurs when a person overstretches or tears a tendon (the connective tissue that unites muscles to the bone) or muscle.
These injuries can be due to overuse, twisting awkwardly, sports injuries, or lifting something improperly or too heavy. Common causes of sprain and strain include:
- Lifting a heavy object such as heavy weight lifting, or turning the spine while lifting.
- Poor posture over time, such as chronic use of smartphone or computer in a single position
- A sudden movement of the body that places too much stress on the lower back, such as a fall.
- Sports injuries, primarily that involve large forces of impact or twisting
The symptoms of back injuries can include muscle spasms, tenderness, and swelling.
You can treat back sprains and strains with over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs such as naproxen and ibuprofen, rest, and ice packs. Engaging in low-impact physical activities such as walking and jogging may help prevent the back swelling and muscle spasms.