Rosacea: Causes, Symptoms, Types, Treatment & Prevention

Rosacea: Causes, Symptoms, Types, Treatment & Prevention
Rosacea: Causes, Symptoms, Types, Treatment & Prevention


Rosacea is one of the most commonly occurring skin conditions that leads to flushing or blushing and prominent blood vessels in the face. It might also form pus-filled, small bumps. These symptoms and signs might flare up for almost a week to months and then vanish for a moment. Rosacea might be mistaken for some other skin conditions, acne, or natural ruddiness. It might affect any person. but it is mostly occurring in middle-aged white women. There is no treatment for Rosacea, but treatment might reduce and control these symptoms and signs. Rosacea is a severe inflammatory skin condition that mostly affects your face. Individuals might mistake it for eczema, acne, or an allergic skin condition.

The main signs of Rosacea are irritating the skin, facial flushing, and pimples. Other symptoms consist of eye problems and blushing easily. Rosacea is most occurring, affecting almost 1 to 20% of the population. Therefore, people normally receive a bad diagnosis when they are having Rosacea, so the real incidence might be a bit higher. There is currently no treatment for Rosacea, but individuals might cure the symptoms using medications and creams. Some beverages and foods might worsen the symptoms such as spicy foods, alcohol, dairy products, and caffeine. The exposure of skin might also make the symptoms pretty bad. Rosacea is most occurring in females in comparison to males and it normally forms after the age of 30.

Red skin, pus-filled spots, and prominent blood vessels on the face are all normal symptoms of Rosacea. This is a most occurring facial inflammation of the skin that normally goes and comes in episodes. Like any visible condition of the skin, Rosacea might affect your self-esteem and wellbeing. But a lot of individuals are not aware that the red skin blotchy on their face is a treatable condition. There are numerous ways to lower the inflammation and stop flare-ups. Rosacea is a chronic (ongoing) skin condition that leads to pimples, redness, broken blood vessels, and in serious cases, a misshapen nose. It is more likely to affect the eyes and face. In most cases, it might also affect the chest, neck, or other areas of the skin. (1)

Redness might get permanent (long-term) as the small blood vessels of the dilate (face widen). There might be red, small, pus-filled bumps also known as pustules. It might look like elder acne. But it is not caused by the similar things that lead to acne. Rosacea has flare-ups that appear and go away. This might occur every few months or a few weeks. If not cured, it tends to get worse over time. It might also get worse by:

  • Drinking alcohol
  • Sun
  • Spicy foods
  • Heat
  • Exercises
  • Certain medications
  • Blushing
  • Hot drinks
  • Stress, especially embarrassment or anger
  • Irritation from skin products

Rosacea is a severe rash consisting of the central face that sometimes begins between the age of 30 and 60 years. Therefore, Rosacea might affect any individual; it is a common condition of the skin in those with blue eyes, fair skin, and Celtic origins.

1Early Symptoms and Warning Signs of Rosacea

Early Symptoms and Warning Signs of Rosacea
Early Symptoms and Warning Signs of Rosacea

The symptoms and signs of Rosacea might differ considerably from individual to individual. Rosacea is most occurring in an individual having lighter skin. Therefore, the symptoms of Rosacea are simple to observe in these skin tones and some studies have shown the occurrence of Rosacea in individuals having darker skin. (2)

The following symptoms seem to be occurring in many cases of Rosacea:

  • Skin thickening: The skin might become thick from excessive skin tissue. This mostly affects your nose and might lead to rhinophyma which affects males more in comparison to females.
  • Persistent skin discoloration: This might seem like a sunburn or blush that does not vanish. It occurs when various tiny blood vessels close the surface of the expanded skin.
  • Pimples and skin bump: Red, small, acne-like bumps might occur. These might consist of pus.
  • Flushing: This happens when the face gets dark temporarily. It might spread from the face down to the chest and neck, and the skin might feel hot unpleasantly.
  • Eye irritation: Individuals might have irritating, bloodshot eyes or watery. The eyelids might get swollen and red (blepharitis) and styles are most occurring.
  • Visible blood vessels: Also known as telangiectasia, or spider veins, this most commonly affects the bridge of the nose, cheeks, and other parts of your central face.

Rosacea affects their eyes in almost 50% of individuals having such a condition. Rarely, vision might get blurry. People might also have the following secondary Rosacea symptoms:

  • Stinging or burning sensations in the skin
  • Rough or dry facial skin
  • Facial swelling because of excess proteins and fluid leaking out of your blood vessels

The following are the symptoms that might be a useful indicator of darker skin in Rosacea:

  • Swollen, dry skin
  • Thicker or swollen skin on the nose, chin, cheeks, or forehead
  • A warm sensation most of the time
  • A stinging or burning sensation when applying daily skincare products
  • Persistent acne-like breakouts
  • Yellowish-brown, hard bumps around eyes, mouth, or even both
  • Patches of dark skin or a dusky brown discoloration n on the skin

Some other symptoms and signs of Rosacea consist of:

  • Visible veins: Small blood vessels of your cheeks and nose break and get visible (spider veins)
  • Burning sensation: The skin of the affected site might feel tender and hot
  • Facial flushing or blushing: Rosacea might lead to persistent flushing or blushing in the central part of the face. The sign of such condition might be tough to see on black and brown skin
  • Eye problems: Most individuals having Rosacea also experience swollen eyes, irritated, dry eyelids. This is well-known as ocular Rosacea. In most people, the symptoms of eye lead to the symptoms of skin
  • Swollen bumps: Most people having Rosacea also form pimples on the face that are similar to acne. These bumps sometimes consist of pus
  • Enlarged nose: By the time, Rosacea might thicken the skin of the nose, leading the nose to occur bulbous (rhinophyma). This happens more sometimes in men than in comparison to women

If you are experiencing such symptoms of your eyes or face, see your skin (dermatologist) or an eye specialist for a complete checkup and proper treatment. The first symptom of Rosacea sometimes is redness. It might occur like sunburn or blush across your forehead, cheeks, chin, or nose. Other symptoms consist of pus-filled or red and small blood vessels. For a few people, the skin of the nose might get swollen, thick, or red. This is leading to excessive tissue and is known as rhinophyma. Rosacea also might affect the eyes, making them watery or red. It might inflame and irritate your eyelids and the white part of the eye. This is known as conjunctivitis.  Rosacea symptoms are not the same between each subtype.

Signs of Acne Rosacea:

  • Oily skin
  • Very red skin and Acne-like breakouts
  • Increasing patches of skin
  • Sensitive skin
  • Broken blood vessels that are prominent

Signs of Rosacea (ETR):

  • Swollen skin
  • Burning and stinging skin
  • Rough, dry, and scaly skin
  • Sensitive skin
  • Visibly broken blood vessels
  • Redness and flushing in the center of the face

Signs of thickening skin:

  • The thick skin of the nose
  • Large pores
  • The bumpy texture of the skin
  • Thick skin on cheeks, forehead, ears, and chin
  • Visibly broken blood vessels

Signs of ocular Rosacea:

  • Itchy, dry eyes
  • Water eyes and bloodshot
  • Stinging or burning sensation in the eyes
  • Diminished vision
  • Eyes that feel granular
  • Cysts on eyes
  • Eyes that are having light sensitivity
  • Broken blood vessels on eyelids

Rosacea might affect more than the eyes and skin. Because Rosacea is a severe (long-lasting) skin disorder, it might lower an individual’s quality of life. Most people report difficulties at work, with meeting new people, and in their marriage. Everyone gets a bit flushed now and then after a good exercise or when you are pretty embarrassed or excited, for instance.

Studies and surveys report that living while having Rosacea might lead to:

  • Worry: Individuals worry that their Rosacea might get worse or lead to scars. People get tense about side effects from medicine used to cure Rosacea.
  • Feelings of embarrassment and frustration: In surveys organized by the National Rosacea Society, 41 percent said their Rosacea might lead them to avoid social contact or cancel social meetings.
  • Depression and anxiety: Living with a skin situation that flares unexpectedly might lead to individuals thinking you are having a problem with drinking. This might lead to depression and anxiety.
  • Low self-esteem: Surveys organized by the National Rosacea Society find that nearly 70 percent of individuals living with Rosacea said that such a condition reduces their self-esteem and confidence.
  • Work-related problems: Surveys organized by the National Rosacea Society observe that when Rosacea is serious, 70 percent of individuals say the disease has an impact on their interactions while working. Almost 30 percent say that Rosacea might lead them to don’t work.