What Is Prostate Cancer? Prostate Cancer Guide

Prostate Cancer Diagnosis

Prostate Cancer Diagnosis

Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men. The American Cancer Society estimates that about one in seven men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer at some point during their lifetime. There are several different ways to diagnose prostate cancer, including a digital rectal exam (DRE), a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, and a biopsy.

Digital rectal exam

A digital rectal exam, also called a DRE, is a way to check for prostate cancer. It is usually the first step in diagnosing prostate cancer. The doctor or nurse will insert a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum and feel the prostate for any lumps or abnormal areas.

Prostate cancer is most common in men over the age of 50, so it’s important to get regular DREs beginning at that age. Men with certain risk factors, such as a family history of prostate cancer, may need to start getting DREs earlier. Although a DRE can be uncomfortable, it is usually not painful. The procedure only takes a few minutes and can be done in the doctor’s office or clinic.

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test

The prostate-specific antigen test is a blood test that measures the level of Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in the blood. PSA is a protein produced by the prostate gland and is present in both healthy and cancerous prostates. However, cancerous prostates tend to produce more PSA than healthy ones.

The PSA test can be used to diagnose prostate cancer, as well as to monitor its progression and treatment. A raised PSA level may indicate the presence of prostate cancer, but it can also be caused by other conditions such as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Therefore, a biopsy (tissue sample) is usually needed to confirm the diagnosis of prostate cancer.


Ultrasound is a diagnostic imaging technique that uses sound waves to produce pictures of body structures. It is sometimes used to look for cancerous cells in the prostate. Ultrasound can be used to see the size, shape, and movement of cancerous cells. The exam can also help doctors determine the stage of the cancer.


A new study has found that MRI can be used to diagnose prostate cancer. The study, which was conducted at the University of California, San Francisco, found that MRI can be used to detect small tumors that are not detectable with other methods.

The study’s lead author, Dr. Mary Beth Beasley, said that the findings could “change the way we screen for and diagnose prostate cancer.” She added that the findings could also lead to a reduction in unnecessary biopsies. The study involved 100 men who underwent both MRI and biopsy. The researchers found that MRI was able to detect tumors in 70% of the men, while biopsy detected them in only 50%.

These findings suggest that MRI could be a valuable tool in diagnosing prostate cancer. However, further research is needed to confirm these results.


A biopsy is a medical procedure used to diagnose and stage prostate cancer. The tissue sample is taken from the prostate gland and examined for cancer cells. If Cancer is found, the biopsy can help determine how aggressive it is.

There are several different types of biopsy procedures that can be used to diagnose prostate cancer, but the most common is a transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy (TRUS). During this procedure, a rectal probe is inserted into the rectum next to the prostate gland.


 Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men and the fifth leading cause of death from cancer. Prostate cancer usually metastasizes to the bones, liver, or lungs. Metastatic prostate cancer is difficult to treat and has a poor prognosis. Early detection and treatment of prostate cancer is essential for preventing metastasis and improving survival rates.