Causes of Pain in The Foot Arch
The foot arch is a complex structure made up of bone, muscle, and ligament. When there is excessive pressure on the foot arch, the structures that form the arch can become inflamed or irritated. There are various arches in your foot, and they are all critical. There is an anterior transverse arch and two longitudinal arches. They are formed by tarsal and metatarsal bones and strengthened by tendons and other structures.
Pain on your foot arch usually comes from alterations in the foot arch structure. For example:
- Flat feet: A flat foot is when the foot arch is very low. If this occurs in your weight bearing area, you will feel pain on walking. This type of problem is easily corrected by using a flat foot orthosis. Also, if your arch is too flat, your foot will tend to pronate and will start experiencing pain symptoms in other parts of your legs and the body.
- High arch: If your arch is too high, the foot will not be able to bear the weight and will become painful. The pain may also go down your leg or even into your knee.
- Plantar fasciitis: It is caused by repetitive stress on the plantar fascia, and it can affect not only your heels but the arch and other structures of your soles.