Bunions: What Causes Them, Types, Symptoms, Risk factors, Diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention

Bunions: What Causes Them, Types, Symptoms, Risk factors, Diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention
Bunions: What Causes Them, Types, Symptoms, Risk factors, Diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention


A bunion is a condition in which a bony bump occurs on the joint at the area of your big toe. It forms when a few of the bones in the top part of your feet move out of the place. This leads to the tip of the big toe being pulled toward the smaller toes and also forces your joint at the area of your big toe to remain stuck. The skin above the bunion may be sore and red. Wearing narrow, tight shoes may give rise to bunions or even make them worse. Bunions may also form as a result of the foot shape, a medical situation, such as arthritis, or a foot deformity.

Therefore, smaller bunions or bunionettes might form on the joint of your smaller toe. Bunions are also known as hallux valgus. The pressure from your foot shape or the way you walk might give rise to a bunion, a quite painful bony lump on the outer part of your toe. Narrow or tight shoes and standing for a long time might form bunion pain even worse. if bunion pads, better-fitting shoes, and toe spacers do not help, then you might need surgery (a bunionectomy). A bunion is a lump that develops on the outer side of your big toe.

This foot deformity happens from years of the big toe joint pressure (the MTP joint, or metatarsophalangeal). Even though, the toe joint removes a bony bump forms and alignment. The medical statement for bunions is hallux abducto valgus. However, more than 1 in 3 Americans are suffering from bunions. The foot condition is most occurring, in elder people, especially in women. Bunions might form on each or both feet. Bunions form slowly as the pressure on your joint at the big toe base leads to the toe getting out of the place, bending inward to the second toe. (1)

Because such joint carries a lot of weight while activities such as walking and standing, bunions might give rise to stiffness, foot pain, swelling, and redness. Calluses might develop where your big toe and second toe touch together or on the foot ball. Unless they are cured, bunions may get worse over time and it might get difficult to walk without pain or wear regular shoes. Bunions might occur in each or both feet. However, in many cases, bunions occur in adult age. Rarely, children might be born having bunions (also known as congenital hallux valgus) or form them in later years of childhood (known as an adolescent or juvenile hallux valgus).

A bunion develops at your joint. By that time, the big toe base pushes outside against your first metatarsal bone that is behind it directly. That is where your toe bends usually when you try to walk. But when you are having a bunion, all of the body weight rests on it each time you try to put a step forward. It may hurt while you are walking. And, because the shoe likely rubs against it, a bunion might also give rise to calluses developing.

1Bunions Types

Bunions Types
Bunions Types

Bunions appear on the outer side of your foot at the base of your big toe most frequently. Bunions form as protrusions at such sites and might lead the big toe to point through the rest of the toes in comparison to being straight. While few people experience bunions with no symptoms at all, therefore some people experience uncomfortable symptoms that form bunion treatment essential. If your bunions are a problem for more than just genuine reasons, you must look for treatment from a podiatrist. (2)

Bunions on your big toe are the most occurring. Other types consist of:

  • Congenital hallux valgus: Few babies are born with having bunions
  • Tailor’s bunion: It is also known as a bunionette, this bunion makes on the outer side area of the pinky (little) toe
  • Adolescent or juvenile hallux valgus: Teens and tweens between the age of 10 and 15 might have bunions

Bunions are bony bump that occurs on the feet that might be painful and form it tough to wear shoes without any discomfort. Bunions are frequently led by ill-fitting shoes and are present in almost 30 percent of your population. They are most occurring in women and get more likely with age. In severe cases, large bunions might need surgery to remove them. However, preventing the pain of bunion and further information needs a selection of the right socks and shoes. Look for shoes having a wide instep, wide toe box, and soft soles that have a flat and smooth surface at the site of a bunion.

You do not require your foot to move a lot within the shoe and rub your bunion but it has to be spacious enough to easily fit. Shoes that are having stretchy material in the uppers might sometimes be more comfortable. Pointed or high-heeled shoes are not perfect if you are experiencing bunions. Here is how to know the different types of bunions in the following:

Large bunion

This foot consists of a large bunion at the area of the big toe joint, and also a tailor’s bunion at the little toe. A bunion like such is more likely to be viewed on an X-ray easily and might form it tough to search for comfortable shoes.

Bunion with skin irritation

Few bunions are more serious and lead to more symptoms than other kinds. The bump is present on the side of your big toe joint and might be painful and red from rubbing against your shoe. The inflammation in the big toe joint and the surrounding area might also lead to pain. Sometimes bursitis is an inflamed pocket of fluid that appears over the bump.

Tailor’s bunion

A tailor’s bunion is also called a bunionette, it is a bump that makes on the little toe side of your foot. Like a bunion at your big toe, it occurs to abnormal foot function or structure.

Bunion with Hallux Limitus

This is the smaller kind of bunion sometimes seen with a situation known as hallux limitus which is categorized by a reduced range of motion at your big toe joint. Another terminology for hallux limitus is hallux rigidus.