Tourette Syndrome: What Is It, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Tourette Syndrome: What Is It, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment
Tourette Syndrome: What Is It, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Tourette Syndrome

Tourette syndrome is a nervous system condition.  It leads to the people having “tics”. In tics, there are sudden movements, twitches, or sounds that most people experience repeatedly. People who experience tics cannot let their body to stop from doing such things. For instance, a person may make a murmuring sound unwillingly. Facing tics is sort of having hiccups. Even though you may not like to hiccup, the body does it ultimately. Most of the times people can make themselves stop from doing a tic for a moment, but it is tough. An individual has to do a tic eventually. Tourette syndrome might affect people of all ethnic and racial groups. Boys are affected almost three to five times more in comparison to girls. (1)

Tourette’s syndrome is such a situation in which clear or blink their throat again and again. Few people might speak unthinkingly words, they don’t need to say. Treatments might control tics, but most people don’t require any until their symptoms pretty disturb them. Around 100,000 Americans are facing full-scale Tourette’s syndrome, but various people face milder symptoms of such conditions. It sometimes begins in childhood and more boys in comparison to girls of having it. Symptoms sometimes get better as the kids grow up. For most people, they completely go away.

If you observe that your child is showing involuntary sounds or movements, go and visit your child’s pediatrician. Not all the tics show Tourette syndrome. Most children form tics that disappear on their own after some months or even weeks. But whenever a kid indicates unusual behavior, it’s essential to notice the rule out and cause of severe health conditions.  Studies that consist of children with diagnosis and those who didn’t diagnose yet with TS consist of approximately each of every 162 kids who have TS. While, in the United States, one of all 360 children 6 by 17 years who diagnose with tics, the basis on the report of a parent. This recommends that almost half of the children are not diagnosed with TS.

Tourette syndrome is one of the kind Tic disorder. Tics are repetitive, involuntary, vocalizations and movements. They are the essential symptoms of a childhood group of neurological conditions collectively known as Tic Disorders and are Tourette syndrome (TS) individually, Vocal Tic Disorder, Persistent (Chronic) Motor and Provisional Tic Disorder. These are the three Tic disorders that are named based on the kinds of tics that are present in (vocal, motor, phonic, or both) and by the time length that the tics are present.

Motor tics define as the movements of the body. Some examples of motor tics consist of jerking an arm, blinking, and shrugging your shoulders. While the vocal tics are the sounds that a person makes with her or his voice. Some examples of vocal tics consist of clearing the throat, humming, or yelling out any phrase or word. Tics can either be complex or simple. Simple tics consist of a few parts of the body. Examples are sniffing or squinting the eyes.

1Primary Symptoms Of Tourette Syndrome

Primary Symptoms Of Tourette Syndrome
Primary Symptoms Of Tourette Syndrome

The primary symptoms of Tourette syndrome are tics. Symptoms typically start when a child is almost 5 to 10 years of age. The first symptoms mostly are the motor tics that come in the neck area and head. Tics mostly are worse while the times they are exciting or stressful. They tend to enhance when a person is focusing or calming on an activity.  The kind of tics and how frequently a person has tics changes over time. Therefore, the symptoms might occur, reappear and disappear, these situations are considered chronic. In most cases, tics lowers while adolescence and early adulthood and mostly disappear entirely. (2)

However, most people having TS faces tics into elder age and in some cases, tic might become worse while adulthood. Although the media sometimes portray people having TS as involuntarily screaming out swear words known as coprolalia or repeatedly saying the words or names of other people known as echolalia. Such symptoms are rare and do not require a diagnosis for Tourette syndrome. TS is a disorder that consists of unwanted sounds or repetitive movements (tics) that cannot be simply controllable. For example, you may blink your eyes repeatedly, exclaim unusual sounds or even offensive words and shrug your shoulders.

Tics normally occur between the age of 2 and 15 years, with an average age of 6 years. Males are nearly three to four times more prone than females to have TS. Even though there is no such cure for Tourette syndrome, treatments are present. Many people having Tourette syndrome do not require treatment when the symptoms are mild. Tics sometimes reduce or become controllable after the age of 18 years. Tics are brief, sudden, and intermittent sounds or movements are the hallmark symptoms of TS. They might range from severe to mild. Various symptoms might primarily interfere with daily functioning, communication, and quality of life.

Tics categorizes as:

  • Complex tics: these are coordinated patterns of movements, distinct and consist of various muscle groups.
  • Simple tics: these are sudden, repetitive, and brief consist of a reduced number of groups of muscles.

Tics might also consist of sounds (vocal tics) or movements (motor tics). Motor tics mostly start even before the vocal tics do.  But the tics spectrum is that people’s experiences are diverse.