Herpes occurs from infection with the herpes simplex virus (HSV). It leads to blisters or sores developing in or around the genitals or mouth as well as some other symptoms. There are two kinds of HSV: HSV-2 leads to genital herpes that is normally sexually transmitted. HSV-1 leads to oral herpes that normally affects your mouth and the surrounding area. If an individual is having an HSV infection, they will have them for the rest of their life, even though some individuals never have symptoms. If symptoms develop, they show the kind of HSV. There is no treatment for herpes but, a cure might aid in managing symptoms and lower the likelihood of them occurring again.
HSV is the most occurring virus. Around 67% of individuals, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) worldwide, have HSV-1 infection, and 11% have an HSV-2 infection. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 2 and type 1. Type 1 normally leads to fever blisters or cold sores around your mouth. Type 2 normally leads to sores on the genitals (sexual organs). But it might be possible to have type 1 around your mouth and type 2 on the genitals. Herpes zoster leads to shingles and chickenpox. Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Each time you are infected, you have these viruses for the rest of your life. (1)
You can contract or transmit oral herpes or HSV-1, through direct contact with saliva, herpes sore, or other bodily secretions during an episode. If you are dismissing the virus, someone might contract it by direct contact with the area of infection. Examples of direct exposure consist of:
- Oral sex
- Another skin-to-skin contact
Therefore, if you feel a partner’s cold sore and then feel your genitals or own face shortly afterward, you can contract the virus. Most children contract the virus after being touched or kissed on the face by an adult person having a cold sore. The virus might be transmitted by razors, shared lip balm, or eating utensils and drinkware but this is quite a rate. However, older estimates recommend the virus might only live outside of your body for a few days to a few hours. If someone has a cold sore drink from a glass and suddenly hands it to you, and then you put your mouth to that place on the glass, you might significantly contract herpes. But the risk of occurring is quite low.
Most of the time, the virus is transmitted by contact with sores or the area of infection while viral shedding. Therefore, with HSV-1, you might contract or transmit HSV-2, or even genital herpes by contact directly with saliva, herpes sore, or other secretions of the body during an episode. HSV-2 might also transmit while viral shedding. Directly contact may consist of:
- Oral sex
- Penetrative sex
- Sharing sex toys while a sexual encounter
- Another skin-to-skin contact at the site of infection
Therefore, many people assume HSV-2 as genital herpes and HSV-1 as oral herpes. Both kinds of viruses might lead to genital or oral episodes.