What Is Type 1 Diabetes? Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Risk Factors, Complications, Prevention & Treatment


Diabetes Definition

Diabetes is a serious (long-lasting) health disease that might affect your body that turns your food into energy. Almost all of the food you consume breaks down into sugar (also known as glucose) and then releases into the bloodstream. When the blood sugar level goes up, it sends signals to your pancreas to discharge insulin. So, insulin acts essentially to let your blood sugar into the body’s cells for the utilization of energy. If you are experiencing diabetes, your body can’t utilize the insulin it forms or either does not form sufficient insulin as well as it must. When there is not sufficient insulin or cells stop acknowledging health conditions, like vision loss, heart disease, and kidney diseases. (1)

There is still no treatment for diabetes, but eating nutritious foods, losing weight, and staying active can quite help a lot. Consuming medicine as required, having diabetes support and self-management education, and making health care appointments might also lower the diabetes impact on your life. Diabetes is a health condition that happens when blood glucose, also known as blood sugar, is extremely high. Blood glucose is the main source of energy and it attains from the food you consume. Insulin is a hormone that forms by the pancreas, aids glucose from food getting into the cells to be useful for energy purposes.

So sometimes the body does not form sufficient or any insulin or does not utilize insulin properly. Glucose then keeps in your blood and does not extend the cells. By this time, experiencing too much glucose in the blood might lead to health conditions. Therefore, diabetes does not have any treatment, you might take a few steps to stay healthy and manage your diabetes. Most of the time, people say diabetes is “borderline diabetes” or “a touch of sugar”. Such terms recommend that someone does not have diabetes really or consist of less severe cases, but every diabetes case is severe.

Diabetes is a health condition that has an impact on the ability of your body to utilize or produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone, when the body converts the food you consume into energy (also known as glucose or sugar), insulin then releases to aid in transporting the energy into the cells. It is the chemical message that narrates the cell to get open and attain glucose. If you form little or no insulin or have insulin resistance, too much sugar stays in your blood. Blood glucose level gets higher in comparison to normal for people having diabetes.

Therefore, there are two main forms of diabetes. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes, if you are experiencing diabetes then you will not be able to process properly and utilize glucose from the food you consume. There are different forms of diabetes, each having different reasons but they all consist of common problems of experiencing a lot of glucose in your blood. The treatments consist of insulin or medications. Few kinds of diabetes can be curable by practicing a healthy

1Types of Diabetes

Types of Diabetes
Types of Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is commonly called diabetes, is a metabolic health condition that leads to increased blood sugar. The hormone insulin takes the sugar from your blood into the cells to be used or stored for energy purposes. Having diabetes, the body either does not form enough insulin or cannot utilize the insulin effectively it does make. Non-curable high blood sugar from diabetes might harm your eyes, nerves, kidneys, and other organs as well. Diabetes occurs in various forms. There are three chief kinds of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes (this type of diabetes occurs during pregnancy).

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is most likely to be the reason for an autoimmune reaction (in this condition the body attacks itself mistakenly) that pauses your body from forming insulin.  Almost 5-4% of the individuals who are having diabetes are experiencing type 1 diabetes. The symptoms of type 1 diabetes sometimes form so fast. It is mostly diagnosed in teens, children, and young adults. if you are experiencing type 1 diabetes, you will require insulin each day to survive. Recently, no one knows how to cure type 1 diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes

Having type 2 diabetes, your body does not utilize insulin properly and cannot keep your blood sugar at moderate levels. Almost 90-95% of people have type 2 diabetes, it forms over so many years and is normally diagnosed in adults (but eventually more in teens, children, and young adults). You might not think of any symptoms, so it is essential to have your blood sugar level tested if you are more prior. Type 2 diabetes might be delayed or prevented with healthy lifestyle variations such as consuming healthy food, losing weight, and being active.

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes forms in women who are pregnant who do not have diabetes before. If you are having gestational diabetes, your baby can be at increased risk for health conditions. Gestational diabetes mostly goes away after the body is born but raises your risk of type 2 diabetes later in life. Your baby is likely to be obese as a teen or child and more likely to form type 2 diabetes in life later.


Approximately 88 million adults are above than 1 in 3 who are experiencing prediabetes in the United States. Furthermore, more than 84% of the individuals don’t know they are having it. With prediabetes, the blood sugar levels are increasing than normal, but these are not increasing enough yet to be diagnosed as having type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes increases the risk of having type 2 diabetes, stroke, and heart disease. The amazing news is if you are experiencing prediabetes, a CDC recognizable lifestyle variation program might aid you in taking some healthy steps to prevent it.

The rare condition is known as diabetes insipidus which does not relate to diabetes mellitus, therefore, it consists of a similar name. It is a different situation in which your kidneys eliminate excess fluid from your body. Each kind of diabetes has different symptoms, treatments, and causes. (2)