What Do You Want to Know About Schizophrenia? Symptoms, Causes, Types, Diagnosis, Treatment, Outlook



Schizophrenia is a severe brain disorder that might affect lower than each percent of the U.S population. When schizophrenia gets active, symptoms might consist of hallucinations, delusions, trouble while thinking, disorganized speech, and lower motivation. Therefore with treatment, many symptoms of schizophrenia will highly improve and the likelihood of repetition might be finished. While there is no treatment for schizophrenia, research is directed to safer and innovative treatments. Experts are also unraveling the reason for the disorder by conducting behavioral research, studying genetics, and utilizing advanced imaging to see the brain’s functioning and structure. These perspectives hold the new promise and more efficient therapies.

The schizophrenia complexity might aid in explaining why there is a misunderstanding about the disorder. Schizophrenia does not mean different personalities or various personalities. Many individuals experiencing schizophrenia are not any more severe or dangerous than individuals in the general public. While the limitation in mental health resources in the public might lead to frequent hospitalization and homelessness, it is a misunderstanding that individuals having schizophrenia somehow end up living in hospitals or homeless. Many individuals having schizophrenia stay with their families in their own homes or group homes. Research has been showing that schizophrenia might affect women and men fairly normally but might have onset in males earlier.

Rates are the same around the world. Individuals having schizophrenia are more likely to die at a young age than the general public, largely because of the increasing rates of a chance of occurring medical conditions, such as diabetes and heart disease. Schizophrenia is a severe, chronic mental disorder that affects the way an individual acts, thinks, expresses feelings, gets real, and relates to some other things. Even though schizophrenia is not common as some other major mental diseases, it might be the most disabling and chronic. Individuals having schizophrenia sometimes have problems doing well at work, in society, at school, and also in relationships. They might have the feeling of being withdrawn and frightened and can appear to have no interaction with reality.

This lifelong disorder cannot be treated but might be controlled with better treatment. Contrary to famous belief, schizophrenia is not a multiple or split personality. Schizophrenia consists of psychosis, a kind of mental disease in which an individual cannot explain what is real from what they imagined. Individuals having psychotic disorders do not interact with reality. The world might look like a mixture of confusing thoughts, sounds, and images. Their behavior might be quite shocking and even strange. An immediate change in behavior and personality that happens when individuals who have it do not have touch with reality is known as a psychotic episode.

Therefore, severe schizophrenia might vary from person to person. Few individuals experience only one psychotic episode while others have several episodes during a lifetime but give rise to normal lives relatively in between. Still, others might have difficulty while functioning by the time, with bit improvements between full-blown psychotic episodes. The symptoms of schizophrenia are more likely to get worse and enhance in cycles known as remissions and relapses.

1Schizophrenia Types

Schizophrenia Types
Schizophrenia Types

But the system did not work completely. Now, experts are talking about schizophrenia as an extensive disorder that consists of all the previous sub-kinds. It is a group that consists of related mental diseases that share few symptoms. They are like changes on a theme in music. They might affect your sense of what is genuine. They alter how you feel, think, and act. It is a psychosis that means that what looks real to you is not. You might have:

  • Delusions: Mistaken but held beliefs firmly that are simple to prove wrong, such as thinking you are a famous person, you have some superpowers or people are out to take you with them.
  • Hallucinations: Hearing or seeing things that are not real.
  • Strange behavior: Acting is a repetitive or an odd way such as writing all the time, walking in circles, or sitting properly quiet and still for hours on end.
  • Disorganized speech: Using sentences or words that do not make any sense to others.
  • Lifeless and withdrawn: Showing no motivation or feelings, or lacking interest in normal activities daily.

Individuals having schizophrenia have almost two of such symptoms for almost 6 months. One of these must be delusions, hallucinations, or disorganized speech. A single voice that provides ongoing comments regarding your actions and thoughts or voices that talk to each other is sufficient. There are many types of schizophrenia in the following:

  1. Paranoid schizophrenia

This is the most occurring type of schizophrenia. It might develop later in your life than other kinds. Symptoms consist of delusions or hallucinations but your emotions and speech might not be affected.

  1. Catatonic schizophrenia

This is the rare type of schizophrenia diagnosis, characterized by limited, unusual, and sudden movements. You might sometimes switch from being very sedentary or very active. You might not talk a lot and you might mimic others’ movements and speech.

  1. Hebephrenic schizophrenia

Also called “disorganized schizophrenia”, this kind of schizophrenia normally forms when you are 15-25 years old. Symptoms consist of disorganized thoughts and behaviors, along with short-lasting hallucinations and delusions. You might have disorganized speech patterns and others might find it tough to understand you. Individuals who are living with disorganized schizophrenia sometimes show a bit or no emotions at all in their voice tone, facial expressions, or mannerisms.

  1. Residual schizophrenia

You might be diagnosed with residual schizophrenia if you have a medical history of psychosis but only have negative symptoms such as poor memory, slow movement, poor hygiene, and lack of concentration).

  1. Undifferentiated schizophrenia

Your diagnosis might have a few signs of hebephrenic, paranoid, or catatonic schizophrenia but it does not fit into each of these kinds alone.

  1. Cenesthopathic schizophrenia

Individuals having cenesthopathic schizophrenia have unusual body sensations.

7. Simple schizophrenia

Simple schizophrenia is diagnosed rarely in the UK. Negative symptoms such as poor memory, slow movement, poor hygiene, and lack of concentration) are the most significant worsen and early symptoms (such as delusions, hallucinations, disorganized thinking) are experienced rarely.