Blood is a living tissue that circulates in the blood vessels and contains solid and liquids components.The salts, water and proteins are present in liquid part – known as plasma. The solid part is made up of several different types of cells that include red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.
Most of the blood diseases affect these blood cells that make up the solid part of blood. Mutations in the genes are one of main causes of blood diseases that run in families.
There may be some other reasons for the development of blood diseases such as adverse effects of medications,metabolic diseases, and deficiency of essential nutrients in the diet.
They disrupt the normal functioning of blood and can affect components of the circulating fluid and one or more organs and tissues. Following are some of the common blood diseases.
1Anemia Of Chronic Disorder
Anaemia of chronic disorder is one of the most common blood diseases. In this disease, the level of red blood cells decreases due to the attack of the body’s immune system on joints and other body organs. This disease usually lasts about three months or longer.
This disease is also called the anaemia of inflammation. In this condition, there are many disorders, including cancer, certain infections, immune disorders, and inflammatory diseases. Anaemia of chronic disease may vary from person to person. This disease may be mild or moderate. In benign conditions, the symptoms may include fatigue, paleness of skin, and lightheadedness. And in rare cases, the disease is very severe and usually causes serious complications.
Anaemia can also be caused by a slight shortening of red blood cells in the body because the red blood cells carry oxygen. According to researches, the uneven distribution of iron in the body may cause chronic anaemia. The deficiency the iron causes the body not to create new red blood cells. So, to cope with this disease, it is essential to take iron at the most. Therapies such as oral iron supplements, or intake of vitamins can treat this disease.