Everything You Need to Know About Carpal Tunnel Syndrome – Symptoms,Signs,Causes, Risk factors and Treatments

Carpal tunnel syndrome features a compression of the median nerve inside the carpal tunnel. It is considered the most common nerve compression disease and affects 3% of the population worldwide. The carpal tunnel is a structure located in the wrist and includes the transverse carpal ligament and the carpal bones, which form the floor and the sides.

The carpal tunnel contains 9 flexor tendons and the median nerve. The median nerve is the main nerve of the forearm that supplies the forearm frontal structure. Its wrist branches supply the skin and the muscles of the thumb, index, middle, half of the ring finger, and the outer 2/3 of the palm. When the space inside the carpal tunnel narrows, the compression on the nerve ensues. Median nerve compression causes tingling and numbness in the palm, thumb, index, and ring fingers. Carpal tunnel syndrome should be treated quickly to avoid serious complications arising from median nerve damage.