Varicose Veins, Overview, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Home Remedies

Varicose veins refer to the condition of veins in which there are enlargement and swelling of veins, and these veins often appear dark blue or purple by looking at the skin. The diseased condition is known as varicose veins because the veins usually twist around each other, and there is swelling in the affected area. It is a commonly present disease in most of the adult population, and almost 23% of the adults suffer from varicose vein condition once in their lifetime. Varicose vein condition can happen to any superficial vein in the body, but it mostly happens to the veins located in the legs. There is a higher degree of pressure for the veins of legs to face because of all the standing and walking.

Varicose veins, commonly known as spider veins, are not a life-threatening or serious health condition; rather, they are more of a cosmetic concern. The chances of getting varicose veins are greater in obese people, mainly due to the creation of greater pressure on the veins as the person is carrying more body fat than the normal person. Moreover, pregnant women are also more likely to suffer from varicose veins because of their extra body weight during pregnancy. For most of the people, varicose veins produce very mild symptoms, which usually include discomfort and aching pain in the legs. While in a few cases, the symptoms of varicose veins get worse and may lead to some serious health conditions.

Although the condition of varicose veins is not that serious, it does require proper treatment to avoid any serious health conditions like skin ulcers. Most of the time, home remedies and self-care techniques are of great help to reduce the symptoms of varicose veins. But in case of severe symptoms, the affected person needs proper treatment from a specialist, which might include removing the veins.

1Symptoms Of Varicose Veins

Usually, the symptoms of varicose veins are mild in most of the cases, and people suffer from pain, which is not very serious. Moreover, there is twisting, bulging, and swelling of the veins in the affected area. But in a few serious cases, the symptoms might be as serious as bleeding, chronic inflammation, and skin ulcers. The severe symptoms of varicose veins require immediate medical attention to resolve the situation and prevent further complications. However, in a few cases, some people develop the symptoms of varicose veins when they have some neurological conditions like restless leg syndrome. A proper and thorough examination of the symptoms can provide the appropriate cause behind varicose veins’ occurrence. Following are the commonly present symptoms in the patients with varicose veins:

Swollen ankles

The damaged valves of the veins in the case of varicose veins patients lead to the built-up of higher blood pressure in the veins due to the greater amount of blood present. The blood pressure of the affected person is way higher than the normal blood pressure in the veins of surrounding tissues, so this increased blood pressure makes the blood move to the surrounding tissue, and this movement causes swelling of the area in the ankles. Most of the time, the swelling of ankles becomes a misinterpretation for diagnosing varicose veins. The doctors usually interpret the swelling of ankles as a symptom of kidney or heart diseases.