Mesothelioma, Overview, Symptoms, Causes, Types, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Complications, Treatment, and Management

Mesothelioma or malignant mesothelioma is one type of cancer that happens in the thin surface of tissues surrounding several internal organs. According to medical professionals, malignant mesothelioma is a dangerous form of cancer that poses life-threatening consequences in patients suffering from this type of cancer. The thin layer of tissues surrounding most of the body’s internal organs is known as mesothelium, thus giving the name of cancer like mesothelioma. However, there are plenty of treatment options or plans available today for mesothelioma, but most of the patients suffering from mesothelioma do not cure properly. Almost three thousand people have malignant mesothelioma cancer every year.

As you may already know, the mesothelium tissue layer surrounds and covers most of the internal organs of our body. Hence, the doctors categorize the type of mesothelioma depending on the mesothelium under the attack of the specific organ in an individual. According to the studies, the most commonly occurring mesothelioma is pleural mesothelioma, which affects the mesothelium covering the lungs. Approximately 80 to 90% of cases of malignant mesothelioma are of pleural mesothelioma. Moreover, other organs also can get under attack by this cancer, and these organs include the heart, abdomen, and the testicles. Furthermore, the symptoms of mesothelioma are harder to identify because they overlap with other severe diseases like lung cancer or heart diseases.

The possibility of malignant mesothelioma to occur is very rare, and it happens mostly to the individuals who spend prolonged time in older buildings and homes, which might contain asbestos. Due to asbestos exposure, there are almost 20 million people at risk of developing malignant mesothelioma. The signs and symptoms of malignant mesothelioma start progressing gradually and then eventually cause serious health issues, which might be fatal for the patient. It is also essential to understand that asbestos exposure is one of the main culprits in causing malignant mesothelioma, so consult experts to detect the presence of asbestos in your home or building. The prognosis of malignant mesothelioma might increase by choosing a proper treatment plan, but the average life expectancy for this cancerous disease is almost 12 to 21 months.