A Comprehensive Guide To Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is a chronic skin condition that is characterized by dry, scaly and itchy skin. The condition is also called eczema, which is a general term for dermatitis. The condition is caused by allergic reactions on the skin. Atopic refers to a genetic tendency towards allergic reactions. This allergic condition can start at any age and can be even seen in children.


Atopic dermatitis is a skin disorder related to numerous biochemical abnormalities of the skin and in the immune system of the patient. Atopic dermatitis causes skin lesions, itching, and inflammation. It is associated with multiple infections like yeast, bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Atopic dermatitis causes itchy, cracked, and sore skin. If the condition is mild, people will only develop small patches on dry skin. However, the situation can get severe, in which case it can cause inflammation all over the skin, and the inflamed skin can become red, dark brown, or even purple depending upon the tone of the skin. Children with dermatitis bear skin barriers and dysfunction, which makes the skin dry, scaly, and itchy.

1Atopic Dermatitis In Children

Atopic dermatitis involves the formation of red rashes, crusted patches, and inflamed skin that itches. The location of skin lesions in a child depends upon his age.

Infants- In infants, skin lesions can usually be seen on the face, scalp, feet, and body folds. The fluid can come out form the areas of rash.

Old infants- in older infants, the lesions can be seen on the wrist, ankles, back of the neck, and elbows. School-going children scratch their skin more often. Therefore the skin of older children is more likely to be lichenified. Children with atopic dermatitis have a low threshold for itching, which makes itching more tempting for them. Vicious itching and scratching affect their skin, and the rash starts to spread. Disruption of normal sleep patterns has also been seen in children.