Thrombocytopenia, Overview, Types, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Complications, Prevention, and Management

Thrombocytes, also known as platelets, are the odorless blood cells that play a significant role in blood clotting. Platelets stop bleeding in injured blood vessels or from the cuts by clumping and forming plugs. Platelets are made in the bone marrow along with many other cells. They travel together in the whole circulatory system and stick to stop any kind of bleeding that happens in the case of a damaged or injured blood vessel. Thrombocytopenia is a condition with the blood platelet count drops. When there are not enough platelet in the blood, the body won’t be able to clot.

The condition of thrombocytopenia can go from mild to severe, which can be dangerous, and internal bleeding can occur like bleeding in the eyes, gums, or bladder. The average platelet count in the body is 150,000 to 400,000. If the platelet count drops below 150,000, then the person may have thrombocytopenia. The risk of internal bleeding usually does not occur unless the platelet count drops to a great extinct, which is less than 10,000 or 20,000 per microliter. Mild bleeding can be seen in the case of blood count lower than 50, 000. The treatment of thrombocytopenia is dependent upon many causes. Treatment may not even be required in mild cases. However, if the condition puts you on severe bleeding risk, you may require medicines, blood, or platelet transfusions. Sometimes, you may even need surgical removal of the spleen.

The spleen is the organ responsible for storing one-third of the body’s platelets, helping the body fight infection. But in some conditions, the spleen becomes enlarged, which starts to cause a wide number of problems, including storing too many platelets, which results in decreased platelet count in circulation.