Lower back or lumbar spine is one of the remarkable models of natural engineering which consists of significant structures of interconnecting joints, bones, muscles, ligaments and nerves all performing in cooperation with each other. The well-engineered structure of lower back provides strength, support, and flexibility to the human body and carries the whole body weight all the time. However the complex structure of lower back to provide lumbar support leaves it susceptible to pain and injury. The lower back or lumbar spine is responsible for carrying the weight of the upper body as well as providing the mobility for performing daily motions such as twisting and bending.
The muscles present in the lower back area are responsible for the rotation and flexing of the hips when a person walks. The muscles in the lower back region also support the spinal column and the nerves residing the lower back produces sensation and power to the muscles present in the legs, feet and pelvis. The acute pains in the low back area arises due to injury in the disc, joints, ligaments or muscles in the lower back. The muscles in the body react to the injury by initiating an inflammatory healing response. While the inflammation is not so severe but it causes immense pain in the area.
Due to the remarkable overlap of nerve supply to a number of the muscles, discs, ligaments or muscles and some other structures in the spinal cord, it becomes difficult for the brain to accurately detect what is the cause of pain. The chances of healing in the muscles and ligaments of the lower back are rapid. While the healing process is very slow if a person gets his disc torn or twists it. The torn or degeneration of the lumbar disc feels the same as the pulling of muscles as both creates pain and inflammation in the area. It is very important to manage the early symptoms of back pain at an early stage to stay away from the severity of low back pain.
This article will help you find out the common and uncommon causes, symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and All You Want TO Know About low back pain.
Common Causes Of Low Back Pain
Many common things can hurt your back and cause low back pain. These include;
1Sprains and Strains
Sprains and strains are one of the most common causes of both upper and lower back pain. A sprain is a result of either overstretching or tearing of a ligament (the connective tissue that connects two bones or cartilages), while a strain occurs when a person overstretches or tears a tendon (the connective tissue that unites muscles to the bone) or muscle.
These injuries can be due to overuse, twisting awkwardly, sports injuries, or lifting something improperly or too heavy. Common causes of sprain and strain include:
- Lifting a heavy object such as heavy weight lifting, or turning the spine while lifting.
- Poor posture over time, such as chronic use of smartphone or computer in a single position
- A sudden movement of the body that places too much stress on the lower back, such as a fall.
- Sports injuries, primarily that involve large forces of impact or twisting
The symptoms of back injuries can include muscle spasms, tenderness, and swelling.
You can treat back sprains and strains with over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs such as naproxen and ibuprofen, rest, and ice packs. Engaging in low-impact physical activities such as walking and jogging may help prevent the back swelling and muscle spasms.